(L to R) Mayor Kirk Caldwell and Mr. Gilbert Githere, President Honolulu Mombasa Sister City, having called on the mayor on a courtesy call. Gifts were exchanged as per sister city protocols.
(L to R) Former Mayor Ahmed Modhar, Mombasa City, handing over a check of $ 500, donated by Honolulu Mombasa Sister City, to Nyemuteka Self Help official Mr. Samuel Nyenyo, of Nyemuteka Self Help, Shanzu. Mr. Shadrack Nabea of Honolulu Mombasa Sister City looks on.
Hegel started his Phenomenology of Spirit, with how humans acquire knowledge.
As Hegel did this he also knew that Kant had done the same 30 years before; Kant had tried to decipher the idea of how humans acquired knowledge.
In order to understand objects, Kant started to decipher Time and Space. In doing this he quickly discovered that these two concepts are metaphysical, and they exist a priori.
Hegel 30 years later, went a different route to try and understand how humans acquire knowledge. He explored the idea of the sense-certainty concept. This meant that one had a sense for certain that “It is,” or understood the concept of “I.”
Another important thing to mention about Hegel and Kant is that in their trying to understand knowledge, they both started to ponder about Time and how it related to objects.
What I am saying here is that Time is one concept that allowed the state of being to be clear in their minds. For understanding the being of things is possible only through the concept of time.
Hegel in his writings about knowledge concerned himself with Consciousness, which from the beginning he equated with “I,”, and when it came to Objects he equated them with “This.”
Kant earlier when struggling with the same topic of how humans acquired knowledge, concerned himself with Space, which he referred to as “a priori representation.” Kant believed that there was no situation in the universe from which Space would be absent.
On the other hand when it came to Hegel an Object to him was just referred to as “Is.”
In Sense-knowledge, “This,” is the most important concept, and so he calls this situation a, “state of pure being.” At the same time he terms this state as, “Simple Immediacy.”
Hegel who uses dialectics in presenting his conversation, gets very abstract in his thinking, for example he continues and calls Certainty, Connection-and goes on to call that state, “Immediate pure connection.”
Hegel continues to equate Consciousness with “I.” and also says it is equal to “This.”
It is, pure being –which is made possible by Time, and This which is made possible by Space because it is external. Hegel says the concept of Thises, means "I" and "This" (meaning Object).
At this juncture it is important to remind the readers that Hegel dwells with Consciousness, when explaining, "Thises"-"This" and "I."
Kant on the other hand expounds the importance of Space in the conceptualization of the self, and Objects around the self.
In the footnotes in his book, The Critique of Pure Reason, Kant tackles the idea of experience, and he says that which comes from experience is Universal, i.e. "Thises," as conceptualized by Hegel in his famous book, Phenomenology of Spirit.
In this analysis Kant arrives at a very important conclusion, that all concepts are representations.
Hegel in trying to expound this concept, tackles the idea of Night and Day-and to do this he brings in the question What is Now? But notice Day and Night for them to be, cancel each other constantly-to arrive at Nothingness.
This analysis of Night and Day-with the Universality of This in mind, automatically brings out the idea of Truth, which I discussed in the top paragraphs.
Hegel continues to discuss Consciousness bringing in the concept of, “It Is,” and uses it to define being.
For the first time Hegel touches the idea of language and its importance, if one is to understand Truth.
Hegel concurs that Universal is the True content of Sense-Certainty. At this point let us see what Hegel says about Universality of things when they are conceptualized in the sense of i.e. Here.
Hegel puts it very simply for one to understand the concept of Here, by giving an example of a Tree, and how humans would say the Tree, is Here. But he also says that humans could cut down the Tree and use it to build a house.
So the "Here" is negated by the presence of a house, for the tree dwells in the house and so physically is not "THERE."
But he also tells us that Here as a universality is still very much There, so although the Tree is not there, he calls this concept a mediated simplicity or Universality.
This conversation of trying to see commonalities between Kant and Hegel continues with another observation. If one senses oneself and say, It is, or I am, or I, then one starts to sense a Pure being. This concept is made clear by the conceptualization of the "I" universality.
At this point I would like to clarify what is in this conversation, it is the representation through experience of a Tree, in the Universality of Here. Whether the tree is there physically is immaterial, the truth is that the knowledge of the Tree is There.
At this point I would like to bring in the idea that has been perpetuated by Norm Chomsky of Universal Grammar. Humans have it, a priori, and same thought, was also perpetuated by Kant when he wrote about Geometry and its existence a priori in the human mind-this thinking in humans was as result of the Cosmos-humans always thought of how far the heavenly bodies were from them and from each other-Geometry came in handy when these thoughts visited their minds.
Kant continues in his appendices to remind us that it is only through Space alone is it possible that things should be outer objects to us.
Also he writes that it is through Time, that appearances acquire their actuality. He also lets us know that appearances can be removed, but they cannot take away Time – Time is permanent.
Kant defines Time as successive and Space as simultaneous. He also lets us know that Time is a pure form of sensible Intuition.
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Honolulu Mombasa Sister City is a non-profit citizen diplomacy network that creates and strengthens partnerships between the City and County of Honolulu and international communities with special emphasis on Mombasa, Kenya, located on the East Coast of Africa.
It belongs to Sister City International which was originated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1956. He wanted to bring together global communities, in what he termed at that time, “Citizen Diplomacy.”This was a project conceived just after the WWII; it was for the purpose of promoting peace in the world.
Sister City International Goals are to:
municipal partnerships between U.S. organizations, institutions, communities from different cultures, beliefs, religions, economic levels, political inclinations, and geographical areas.
opportunities for city officials and citizens to experience and explore other cultures through long-term community partnerships.
an atmosphere in which economic and community development can be implemented and strengthened.
environments through which communities will creatively learn, work, and solve problems together through reciprocal cultural, educational, municipal, business, professional and technical exchanges and projects.
with organizations in the United States and other countries which share similar goals.
Similarly, Honolulu Mombasa Sister City strives to motivate and empower private citizens and communities that make up different global metropolitan areas and also business leaders to conduct long-term sister city programs.
We believe that sister city programs involve two-way communication and should mutually benefit the partnering communities, in this case, Honolulu and Mombasa.
Honolulu Mombasa Sister City Mission Statement:
To promote peace through mutual respect, understanding, & cooperation — one individual, one community at a time.
This webpage its sole purpose is to promote love and peace globally. Its mission statement , is make the world a better place. All its members will dedicate themselves to the spread of peace and love to all citizens of the universe.
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